Pakistan – a country with 60 per cent of the youth population, which is less than thirty-year-old, and most of them are unemployed. In the 2000s, during the period of the Musharraf as a President, took the initiative to educate more and more people. He launched many technical institutes, but, now all in vain. There are many reasons behind all of this phenomenon a significant purpose is an economic shift. The change of government laid a massive effect on society. There are millions of students enrolled in training institutes.
The TEVTA (Technical Education & Vocational Training Authority) is working in Pakistan, which trains the massive influx of youth, since its creation. However, a skilled one is useless if he is not needed in the industry. It is estimated that during the last decade, around 30 million students enrolled in TEVTA affiliated colleges. They offer programs of many duration; one, three, and six months; one or 3-year diploma with all that why poverty and unemployment are still prevalent in every part of the country.
The primary focus of the Musharraf regime was on development; in his era, millions of dollars of projects were initiated. There was a shortage of skilled labour. After the completion of a short course, the candidate immediately got a job. Therefore, It helped millions of people and gave the source of income to them. However, everything changed suddenly; so, a shift occurred in government.
The fall in demand for skilled labour began as PPP took charge of the state. However, he didn’t halt all of the projects.
In 2013, as Nawaz Sharif become Prime Minister of Pakistan; he initiated many development projects under provincial and federal governments. Most prominently, Metro Bus project which allowed thousands of people. Another example is the Orange Line Train project.
As Imran Khan takes control of the country, ninety per cent of the budget of development projects is stopped. Most of the government policies are aligned with to get rid of the debt trap. The significant chunk of the revenue pf Pakistan is reserved for payment of debts, which are pending for three decades. Therefore, many projects are halted due to lack of budget; it also increases unemployment.
To encapsulate, the policies of the new Prime Minister also profoundly affected other industries. Such as the automobile industry; it is estimated that they are facing labour surpluses. They are trimming their labour force day by day. There is a fear among the general public, either they are skilled or not, there is no opportunity here.