Debating the Well-being of Indian Muslims: Finance Minister’s Population Growth Argument and Its Implications

Debating the Well-being of Indian Muslims: Finance Minister's Population Growth Argument and Its Implications


The treatment of Muslims in India has been a matter of global concern for some time now. Recently, Nirmala Sitharaman, the country’s Finance Minister, made an unexpected statement during a conference in Washington. She argued that the portrayal of Indian Muslims by Western media is not entirely accurate, citing the fact that their population has increased since India gained independence in 1947. However, her argument seemed out of place and did not address the well-documented persecution of minorities, including Muslims, by the current government. The Hindu nationalist government has a history of denying criticisms and manipulating public opinion. Despite this, Sitharaman’s statement suggests a new approach that may have concerning implications. This article delves into the evidence behind Sitharaman’s claim, examines the situation for Muslims in India, and covers topics such as their representation in parliament and access to education and healthcare.

Indian Finance Minister Challenges Western Media’s Portrayal of Muslim Situation

A high-ranking Indian official has recently made an unexpected statement regarding the well-being of Indian Muslims. Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman, speaking at a conference in Washington, argued that the situation of Muslims in India is not as negative as it is portrayed in the Western media.

To support her claim, she pointed out that the Muslim population in India has grown since gaining independence from British rule in 1947. This argument seemed out of place when presented to a foreign audience, as it seemed to be an attempt to counteract negative stories about the mistreatment of Muslims in India.

The Controversial BBC Documentary on Anti-Muslim Violence in Gujarat and Its Implications for India’s Current Political Climate

A recent BBC documentary, which provoked strong reactions from the Indian government and led to its removal from YouTube and other platforms, highlighted a confidential British evaluation of anti-Muslim violence in Gujarat in 2002. At the time, current Prime Minister Narendra Modi served as the state’s chief minister.

The report directly implicated Modi in the attacks against Muslims. Since Modi’s rise to power, the persecution of minorities, including Christians and Dalits, has broadened in scope and severity, a fact that Sitharaman had difficulty refuting.

India’s response to criticism has often involved outright denial and manipulating public opinion using Hindu nationalist media. However, Sitharaman’s assertion at the Peterson Institute for International Economics in Washington on April 10 took a different approach, with potentially concerning consequences.

How India’s Finance Minister’s Remarks on Muslim Population Growth Raises Concerns About Moral Principles and Treatment of Minorities

According to her reasoning, Palestinians living under Israeli military occupation should be grateful to their occupiers rather than resisting them, since their population is also increasing – in fact, at a much faster rate than Indian Muslims. If one were to apply the minister’s population growth theory to the Rohingya, Yemenis, or Afghans, we would have to reevaluate our moral principles to understand the apparent prosperity of those we thought were suffering from human-made hardships, yet whose populations continue to grow despite adversity.

Between 1990 and 2021, the population of Palestine grew from 1.98 million to 4.92 million people. In the case of Yemen, its population is expected to reach 34 million by 2025 due to a current growth rate of three percent, one of the highest in the world, despite the ongoing devastating conflict.


Addressing Hindu Right’s Concerns and Population Dynamics in India: Sitharaman’s Perspective

The Hindu right continues to express unfounded concerns about India potentially becoming an Islamic country. The opposing perspective would require similar modifications; for example, Switzerland and other European nations with declining populations might be considered impoverished.

India’s Finance Minister Questions Perceptions of Muslim Population Growth in India and Minority Challenges in Pakistan

During the meeting, Sitharaman reportedly discussed numerous topics, including a somewhat accurate portrayal of the challenges faced by minorities in Pakistan. She emphasized that India has the world’s second-largest Muslim population, which continues to grow. She questioned whether, if the Indian state were truly making life difficult for Muslims, the Muslim population would have experienced such growth since 1947.

It is worth noting that the Muslim population has grown slightly faster than the Hindu population. The 2011 census showed that Hindus made up 79.80% (966.2 million) of the population, Muslims 14.23% (172.2 million), Christians 2.3% (27.8 million), and Sikhs 1.72% (20.8 million). Experts predict that the rate of Muslim population growth will decrease in the next census, which has been delayed due to COVID-19.

Devendra Kothari, the former chairman of the national committee to review family welfare, stated that the next census would likely show a modest increase in the Hindu population share, rising to about 80.3% from 79.8% in the 2011 census. The Muslim population share, however, is expected to stabilize or decline. Kothari explains that even if Hindus ceased to have children and only Muslims reproduced, India would not become a Muslim-majority nation before 2170, based on simple mathematical calculations.

Debunking Myths: Special Rights, Population Growth, and Access to Resources for Muslims in India

Kothari asserts that Muslims could only surpass Hindus in population if the latter stopped having children entirely, which is highly unlikely and therefore improbable. Despite this, the Hindu right continues to express unfounded fears about India becoming an Islamic country. The growing Muslim population in India is a recurrent concern for Hindu extremists, who sometimes encourage Hindu women to have more children to prevent this possibility.

Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath provides another controversial viewpoint, claiming that the Muslim population has increased because they have received special rights. But what special rights? The Sachchar Committee, established by the Congress-led alliance to evaluate the status of the Muslim community (considered heretical by the current administration), refutes allegations of Muslim favoritism with solid evidence.

There is a notable and significant negative correlation between the percentage of the Muslim population and the presence of educational infrastructure in small villages. Approximately one-third of small villages with high Muslim populations lack educational institutions. Additionally, around 40% of larger villages with significant Muslim populations do not have access to medical facilities.

Declining Muslim Representation in Indian Parliament: A Historical Perspective

Zoya Hasan, Professor Emerita at Jawaharlal Nehru University, highlights the fact that Muslim representation in the Indian Parliament reached a historical low in 2014. In the 1980 elections, nearly 10% of elected officials were Muslim, whereas in 2014, that figure dropped to less than 4% – the lowest percentage since 1952.

Furthermore, the number of Muslim legislators declined from 49 in 1980 to 23 in 2014, which was a decrease from the 30 members in 2009. This underrepresentation of Muslims is quite striking when considering that they make up 14% of India’s population. Based on their population size, there should be at least 77 Muslim MPs in the Lok Sabha, but there are only 23, resulting in a shortfall of 54 members.

However, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman could point out that Muslim representation in Parliament slightly improved in 2019, with an increase of three MPs, bringing the total to 27. This marginal improvement is something the Western world should not overlook.


The mistreatment of minority groups, particularly Muslims, in India has been an issue of concern both domestically and internationally. Sitharaman’s argument about the growth of the Muslim population may have been an attempt to counter the negative portrayal of their treatment. However, it fails to address the documented persecution of minorities under the current government. The government’s tendency to deny criticisms and manipulate public opinion has been an ongoing concern. This article has examined the evidence behind Sitharaman’s claim, explored the situation for Muslims in India, and discussed their representation in parliament, as well as access to education and healthcare. It is crucial to continue to monitor the treatment of minorities in India and hold the government accountable for their actions.

Kashmir — A Haven Valley In The Lockdown

People are fighting with swords.

Kashmir is a haven valley; however, it is in lockdown since 5the of August 2019. The Indian government is making the situation worse for Muslims in Kashmir and so for in India.

The 21st century is proved the worst for Muslims around the globe. Islam is considered a radical religion which creates the air of Islamophobia. It is the Muslims whom ethics paved the way for all this. This wasn’t a severe issue until 9/11. After this issue, Muslims are being victimized for all of the terrorists. This further gave a chance to Hindu lead, Modi Government to oppress the rights of Muslims in India and Kashmir.

In 1947, it was the last moment when the people lived peacefully and breathed in an open environment. After, the division plan which made hastily ignited the way for the opposition for Muslims. After a few months of participation, the first battle was held between India and Pakistan.

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It was the worst day in the history of Indian-Subcontinent, 5th August 2019. The Indian government revoked the autonomous status of Kashmir. Moreover, the valley is the highly militarized region in the world. There is a solider for eight-person.

Innocent people are living without the Internet. Nowadays, the Internet is crucial for human being like oxygen for the human body. The Indian Military is capturing prominent Muslim leaders and young boys. It is the 21st century, and still, Muslims are being treated as slaves.

To create this world human friendly, we should not judge people based on religion, ethnicity or creed. It is time to give everybody equal rights. There are many other problems we have to deal with, and without unity, we won’t make it.

The Division of Indian Sub-Continent

A weapon being used in War.

The division of the Indian Sub-continent is one the difficult process for most of South Asia. Thousands of people lost their lives in this so-called Partition. However, in this partition around 20 million people from long term oppression by getting a separate homeland. Initially, it was Pakistan only but now Bangladesh.

Overall, the partition was in the favour of Muslims, so that they can follow the preaching of Islam and Muhammad (PBUH) without any fear. The ones who chose to live in India are still suffering from Indian Oppression, in spite of the fact.

It is estimated that around a million people lost their lives in this mass migration. And many more suffered financial losses in this mass migration. Many people left their assets and belongings. The governments promised to make financial compensations. Many projects have launched both sides of the border for the allotment of land. But nothing can compensate the memory attached to the places, the religion or the social circles. As a wise man said, everything can be replaced except human beings.

Wars Fought Between India and Pakistan

India-Pakistan Wars Timeline
This is the timeline of the wars fought between India and Pakistan.

The boundary dispute between India and Pakistan is a bone of contention among them. They fought three major wars and dozens of clash. The skirmish began immediately after two months of separation in 1947. One of the wars proved fatal for Pakistan and divided into two chunks. Which results in a new state called Bangladesh.

India claims that it is a secular state, however, it is not the case under the Modi Prime Minister. Muslims are suffering in many ways. The Hindu nationalist government decided Babri Masjid in the favour of Hindus. India was a secular state however, not anymore. Modi points out, Hindustan is for Hindus.

The division between India and Pakistan was made in the haste which is making life miserable for the thousands of millions. It is not the only case of the Indian sub-continent wherever the British made so-called colonies they are still suffering after seven decades such as Hong Kong.


India is Not a Secular State, How?

Indian Flag

India, the home of 1.3 billion peoples; this is the home of many different nations that are living in the Indian sub-continent since before Christ. Now the case is different, the Hindus are making efforts from head to toe to perish the minorities. Many events are gigantic evidence that Hindustan is for Hindus. India is not a secular state. The fascist PM, Narendra Modi, is perishing the rights of the Muslim population in India.

The Modi tried to perish the innocent Muslims in Kashmir by abrogating the special status of the princely state on August 5th this year. It’s been two and a half months the innocent Kashmiris are barred into Jails and the communication services are jammed. It is the extreme level of humanitarian crisis; the Muslims are the main target of this genocide.

Babri Masjid is one of the other favoritisms to the Hindu community. The case dates to 1992 when the Holy place of Muslims was perished by Hindus and many causalities occurred. The case registered into the apex court. The case remains being postponed for 30 years. In November this year, the Court announced the verdict which spoke in the favor of Hindus.

To encapsulate, in India every community is minority except Hindus and the rights of minorities are denied. It is the era of the 21st century the International community should make some effort to establish peace; law and order and bring justice to the continent.

Kashmir: The Most Militarized Zone in the World

A soldier is walking on field with armor.

Everyone on this planet has right to live openly; no one should be tortured or killed on the basis on religion, creed or ethnicity. Kashmir, the Haven is in danger under the rule Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP). The people of Kashmir are being tortured mentally as well as physically since the creation of Pakistan. After the creation of Pakistan, the region divided into two parts, Indian Held Kashmir (IHK) and Azad Jammu and Kashmir. In fact, the state should be given to Pakistan, because it is Muslim majority state. In 1947, more than 95 per cent of the people were Muslims; only 5 per cent belongs to other religions. But the ruler was Sikh, the ruler voted to be part of India.

People are fighting with swords.
People are fighting with swords.

Afterwards, Indian forces started to militarize this Valley and the killing of protesters, torture and brutality begins. In recent years the Indian Prime Minster Narendra Modi revoke the article 370 and dismiss the special status of Jammu and Kashmir. Before that, Modi send massively armed army in this region to tackle the protesters who speak for their freedom. The Indian Army started raid on villages at night and torture the people youth who ask for freedom or found in other activist movement.

The opposition parties speak for Human Rights violation; a delegation led by Rahul Ghandi moved to visit the valley of Kashmir but, they were not allowed to move outside the Srinagar Airport. On the other hand, the Muslim Community hub Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates (UAE) gave the Narendra Modi highest Civil Award for this genocide. How Kashmiri can expect any help from these sorts of Muslim communities.

Pakistan has started this issue in United Nations, the discussion started after 50 years. Pakistan is very hopeful; with the help of UN and HR commission the people of Kashmir will get freedom.